Stevia and stevioside can be used in cooking and baking? ?
The melting point of stevioside is 198 ° C.Il can be used in most cakes. It is compatible with dairy products and fruit acids. It is stable pH, does not blacken when cooked, and therefore has many applications in food products. Personally, we tested to make clafoutis, pies, muffins and cakes with no problems and no aftertaste.Generally, we recommend using stevia in dosage according to the pastry:
1 g of stevia = 200 gr white sugar
It better to use powder or liquid.
Stevia and Diabetes
If you are diabetic, you are usually accustomed to using large amounts of artificial sweeteners, particularly aspartame.Several clinical studies have shown that stevia increase glucose tolerance and lower the blood glucose levels, according to a small-scale trial involving 16 healthy volunteers, published in 1986. Animal data and in vitro indicate that the components of the stevia could act directly on the pancreas to stimulate insulin production, but also decrease the intestinal absorption of sugars or increase insulin sensitivity and metabolic functions of the liver and skeletal muscle. Stevioside is not absorbed by the intestines and it does not metabolized by enzymes in the gastrointestinal tract because of stevioside sugar linkages are β-glucosidic bonds.Chronic studies of Chan et al. (2000) with human volunteers have shown that blood biochemical parameters were unaffected by the absorption of 250 mg of stevioside three times a day for a year. Stevia or stevioside is a 100% natural solution for the regime of diabetics to replace sugar. We advise you to start taking the early stevia in drinks such as coffee, tea or otherwise. Then if you feel confident, you can use it in other everyday products.It is of course advisable to talk to your doctor first.
Stevia and Blood Pressure
Studies in humans apply stevioside (250 mg three times daily) administered for 1 year to 60 hypertensive volunteers (Chan et al., 2000). After three months the systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly reduced and this effect persists throughout the year. Biochemical parameters including blood lipid levels and glucose showed no significant changes. No adverse effects were observed and the evaluation of the quality of life showed no deterioration. The authors concluded that stevioside is a well tolerated and effective compound that can be considered as an alternative or complementary therapy for patients with hypertension. Although blood pressure is reduced, no effect on the potential male was observed, a feature that enhances the quality of life! In the treated group, mean arterial pressure at the beginning of the experiment was about 16.6 / 10.2. at the end of the study it had dropped to 15.3 / 9. In contrast, no significant reduction was observed in the placebo group.
Stevia and Teeth
From experiments by Sprague-Dawley albino rats, Das et al. (1992) concluded that neither stevioside nor rebaudioside A are cariogenic (caries causing).Although high concentrations of stevioside and Stevia extracts are capable of reducing the growth of bacteria, the concentrations used as a sweetener are rather low and, consequently, the beneficial effect of the use of stevioside is rather the substitution of sugar in food by a non-cariogenic substance. In addition, stevioside is both fluoride compatible and significantly inhibits the development of dental plaque, thus stevia may help prevent cavities.
Stevia and Weight Loss
No clinical studies have been done on the subject of stevia and weight loss. Since stevia has no calories, it is likely that in fact the replacement of a small spoon of sugar (25 cal) by using Stevia is a non-negligible tool to loss weight.
Stevia and Pregnancy
Studies have shown that stevia had no effect on the fetus or the mother and can be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding but we advised to no use stevia during pregnancy if you're not diabetic ( Women need energy during this period).
Toxicity of the stevia
Many studies in Japan have shown that stevia was not carcinogenic and not toxic.The results of a decrease in the rate of live births in rats (Planas and Kuc, 1968) after absorption of Stevia decoctions have been refuted by Shiotsu (1996) who conducted experiments more reliable with a larger number of animals using methods as similar as possible to those used by Planas and Kuc. No effect on the general condition, body weight, water consumption, the survival rate at birth or litter size was not found. No effects of stevioside were found on fertility or reproduction in mice, rats or hamsters.